When you have a pimple, you probably want it to be cured as soon as possible. However, acne blemishes can leave a black trace on your skin long after the pimple has healed. This is aggravating, but not unusual.
Understanding what causes these black spots on your skin is the first step in removing them.
A pimple is a type of irritation that appears on your skin. Furthermore, as your skin heals and new skin cells grow, it’s conceivable that the cells sent to help restore the smooth surface of your skin contain too much melanin.
Melanin is responsible for the colour of your skin, and when specific cells have more melanin than others, the consequence is a darker area of skin. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is the term for this.
Picking or squeezing a blemish, for example, might prolong skin irritation and raise your risks of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
People with darker skin tones are more prone to this illness. Continue reading to learn how to cure post-pimple dark spots and how to avoid them in the future.
Inflammatory acne can result in painful, puffy, red, and deep skin lesions, causing damage to the epidermis and underlying collagen. The body manufactures collagen when these lesions heal. Excessive or insufficient collagen formation leads in acne scars that do not match the surrounding skin.
Scarring can be exacerbated by a number of circumstances, including:
- Delaying treatment for inflammatory acne due to heredity (i.e., a close family member with acne scars)
- picking or popping acne (bursting)
- The severity of the acne, which generally correlates with the amount of scarring a person will have
How long does it take for acne scars to fade?
Acne scars do not disappear completely on their own. As the skin loses collagen, depressed acne scars become more visible. There are, however, a number of therapies that can make acne scars less visible.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or redness may fade on its own over time. However, for some people, it may take years to fade without therapy.
You can begin treating post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation with natural treatments. Unfortunately, many of these home cures are supported solely by anecdotal evidence. In most cases, there is minimal risk in giving them a shot.
While it is best to consult your doctor for dietary advice and beauty regimen recommendations, our experts agree that salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, sulphur, and topical retinoids like adapalene are the most impactful ingredients for treating and preventing acne.
If you’re dehydrated, your body may signal the oil glands in your skin to produce more oil. Dehydration also causes your skin to look dull and promotes inflammation and discoloration.
Drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day to keep your body hydrated.
when pregnant or nursing and spending time in a hot, humid environment
- Reduce using makeup
While you may be tempted to conceal pimples with makeup, keep in mind that doing so can clog pores and cause outbreaks.
If you don’t want to give up makeup entirely, choose a noncomedogenic and fragrance-free foundation or concealer to keep your skin from becoming even more irritated.
Makeup should be gently washed off at the end of the day, especially before going to bed.
Along with limiting makeup, it’s always a good idea to be mindful of any other products you use near your face, especially hair styling products.
Because hair spray, dry shampoo, and texturizing products can come into contact with your skin and cause breakouts, you should look for oil-free, noncomedogenic alternatives.
- Don’t touch your face too often
Touching your face can spread bacteria and pore-clogging impurities to your skin.
It’s difficult to avoid touching your face, but try to be aware of how frequently you do so and stop yourself as much as possible.
Also beneficial? Hand washing on a regular basis. That way, if you do touch your face — and believe me, you will — your hands will be clean.
- Don’t pop your pimples
While it may seem impossible to resist squeezing that enormous whitehead on the tip of your nose, your best bet is to avoid popping zits.
Popped pimples frequently bleed, but they can also aggravate the problem by:
becoming inflamed and clogging surrounding pores infecting and leaving scars
- Hide yourself from the sun
Getting some rays may dry out pimples in the short term, but it can have long-term skin consequences. Sun exposure dehydrates the skin, causing it to produce more oil and block pores over time.
Wearing sunscreen all year can help protect your skin. Of course, as you may be aware, sunscreens are notoriously oily. Choose a non comedogenic, oil-free sunscreen for both sun and pimple protection.
- Cleanse your face properly
Pimples can appear anywhere on the body, but they are most common on the face. While the skin microbiome is complex, scientists have identified Propionibacterium acnes as a bacteria that can cause acne breakouts. This bacteria causes inflammation by converting sebum, a natural oil found on the skin, into fatty acids.
Getting rid of excess oil, dirt, and sweat on a daily basis can help prevent pimples, but washing your face too frequently can aggravate acne.
“When we strip our skin of its natural sebum with excessive washing, the skin actually produces more oil to rebalance your skin,” says board certified dermatologist Anar Mikailove, MD. “As a result, washing your face excessively can make acne worse, as can using cleansers or astringents that dry out the skin excessively.”
As a general rule, you should only wash your face twice a day.
Mikailove recommends using cleansers that are sulfate-free, fragrance-free, and gentle enough to be used twice a day. Avoid using abrasive physical scrubs or drying foaming cleansers.
Wash your face as follows:
Apply warm (not hot) water to your face.
Apply a gentle cleanser in a gentle, circular motion with your fingers rather than a washcloth.
Allow to air dry.
- Understand your skin type
Knowing your skin type will help you decide which products to use and which to avoid. You can identify your skin type using the following parameters, but if you’re still unsure, you can consult a dermatologist:
Dry: Your skin is frequently flaky and tight.
Oily: By the end of the day, your skin will be shiny.
Combination: There are both dry and oily areas. The oily zone is typically your forehead, nose, and chin.
Sensitive: Your skin is prone to rashes, discoloration, and irritation when exposed to new products. You can have sensitive skin in addition to any of the other skin types listed above.
Everybody gets pimples now and then. Prevention efforts can be beneficial, but they are not guaranteed. Pimples can be caused by a variety of factors, including hormones, stress, genetics, and diet. Certain medications may even cause breakouts.
Having said that, there are numerous options for treating and managing pimples. Whatever pimple prevention method you choose, remember that patience and consistency are essential for success. While a dab of benzoyl peroxide can help shrink a single pimple overnight, most treatments take several weeks to show results.