Different Types of Face Serum

All You Need To Know About Face Serum

A Face Serum: What Is It?

A face serum is a water- or oil-based skin care product that penetrates your skin with potent and effective beauty components. It aids in addressing particular skin issues like wrinkles, fine lines, and other signs of ageing skin. A product with a lot of active components is called a face serum. One or more specific concerns may be the focus of a serum. A serum does not include as many components as a moisturiser or cleanser. Instead, it offers stronger actives that enter the skin more effectively and profoundly. A concentrated mixture that gives your complexion the boost it needs to benefit your skin.

When you’re in your 30s, we advise you to start including a face serum into your skincare regimen. However, if you feel the need to start utilising a serum in your 20s, that is quite OK.

Serum has the power to penetrate deep through the layers of your skin and is packed with nutrients, ceramides, glycerin, natural components (cucumber, aloe vera, etc.), and vitamins C, K, and E.

Why should you use a face serum?

  • Lightweight: Serums are naturally thin and fluid in texture, so you hardly notice them on your skin.
  • Fast-absorbing: Serums are formed of extremely small molecules that enter rapidly and thoroughly, in contrast to creams and oils that are made of occlusive substances that might create a barrier on top of your skin.
  • Non-comedogenic: The majority of serums are unlikely to clog pores or cause acne, especially if they are silicone- and oil-free.
  • Targeted: There is a serum for every skin problem you want to fix, from dullness to fine wrinkles to dark spots.
  • Concentrated: Compared to other products, serums have a higher concentration of the active components (like face creams).
  • Effective: Serums will provide you with greater and quicker benefits than the majority of other topical skincare products due to their larger dose of active ingredients and capacity to thoroughly permeate the skin.
  • Simple to layer: You may simply layer serums under your other skincare products because of their lightweight composition (such as moisturizers, face oils, sunscreens and foundations).

How Many Types Of Serums Are There For Your Face?

1. Anti-Aging Serum

Anti-Aging Serum

Most people know about facial serums for their incredible anti-aging properties.

The most prevalent ageing symptoms may be treated with these serums, and the process of ageing itself can be slowed down.

They tighten and plump the skin while addressing any existing wrinkles, sagging, or fine lines.

Anti-aging serums also enhance cell renewal, cell repair, and higher cell turnover.

This improves the skin’s look and texture overall while assisting in skin renewal.

Retinol, a vitamin A derivative, is a popular and well-known substance for its potent anti-aging properties.

It promotes cell turnover, boosts the formation of collagen and elastin, stops the loss of collagen, firms, and hydrates or fluff up the skin.

Best Brand for Anti-Aging Serum:
1.SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic
2.Estee Lauder Advanced Night Repair
3.Olay Regenerist Fragrance-Free Light Gel Regenerating Serum

2. Face Brightening Serums

Face Brightening Serums

Brightening serums aim to minimise discolouration and hyperpigmentation. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C), an antioxidant that prevents the development of melanin, is a common component of these serums. Another well-liked substance for lightening dark spots and balancing skin tone is niacinamide.

Due to the possibility of oxidation, pure vitamin C has a limited shelf life since it is not stable. Thankfully, new vitamin C compounds are being created to stop serums and other beauty products from losing their effectiveness. Additionally, stabilised vitamin C compounds are simpler for the skin to absorb than pure vitamin C, according to this 2013 paper from the Indian Dermatology Online Journal.

In the aforementioned 2010 research from the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, vitamin B3 niacinamide was “clinically characterised” as enhancing uneven skin tone by decreasing hyperpigmentation and blotchiness. Niacinamide also contributes to skin’s brightness, which is described in the research as “reflection of light from skin’s surface.” This results in a complexion that is more radiant and lively.

Best Brand for Brightening Serum:
1. L’Oreal Paris Glycolic Bright Skin Brightening Serum
2. Lakme Absolute Perfect Radiance Skin Lightening Serum – Vita Resorcinol
3. Neutrogena Hydro Boost Capsule in Serum

3. Acne Fighting Serum

Acne Fighting Serum

These serums contain an active component that fights acne, such as beta-hydroxy acid (BHA), alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), glycolic acid, citric acid, zinc, and plant extracts including tea tree, thyme, cucumber, and green tea.

What a skin-care serum that fights acne does?

Treats pre-existing acne and aids in preventing outbreaks from ever occurring.

Best Brand for Acne Fighting Serum:
1. The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% + Zinc 1%
2. Minimalist 10% Niacinamide Face Serum for Acne Marks, Blemishes & Oil Balancing with Zinc
3. SkinCeuticals Phloretin CF Gel

Your skin will be tightened, unclogged and minimised pores will be reduced, excess oil will be absorbed, and any redness or irritation will be lessened.

4. Hydrating Serum

Hydrating Serum

Your skin receives an additional burst of hydration from hydrating serums. They are used in addition to common moisturisers. The main component of moisturising serums is hyaluronic acid.

The attraction of hyaluronic acid is its capacity to store 1,000 times its weight in water. Additionally, this component pulls water from its surroundings while acting as a humectant. Hyaluronic acid should be applied in a moist environment, such as your bathroom following a hot shower. Otherwise, your face will get dry since the hyaluronic acid draws moisture from your skin.

Best Brands for Hydrating Serum:
1. CeraVe Hydrating Hyaluronic Acid Serum
2. L’Oréal Paris Revitalift Derm Intensives 1.5% Pure Hyaluronic Acid Serum
3. Neutrogena Hydro Boost Hydrating Serum

5. Exfoliating Face Serum

Exfoliating Face Serum

Because it improves the skin in numerous ways, exfoliating has a unique position in our skincare regimen.

An exfoliating serum smoothes and tones the skin, reduces fine lines and wrinkles, and corrects discolouration and hyperpigmentation caused by natural ageing and sun damage.

As we age, our skin becomes significantly less effective in removing dead skin cells and produces less collagen and elastin.

This layer of dead skin cell accumulation causes dull, dry, cracked skin.

It gets easily irritated, less protected, and reduces the effectiveness of your other face treatments since they are not effectively absorbed.

Exfoliating serums are a simple approach to guarantee that your skin is working properly and ideally.

They help to cleanse pores and prevent outbreaks.

Best Brands for Exfoliating Serum:
1. The Ordinary Lactic Acid Exfoliating Serum
2. Minimalist 10% AHA BHA Exfoliating Serum
3. SkinCeuticals Retexturing Activator

6. Rejuvenating Face Serum

Rejuvenating Face Serum

Beautiful breakouts and unfortunate (though apparently essential) pokes and picks that result in acne scars.

However, even your typical everyday exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays causes damage to your sensitive skin.

The changing seasons contribute to our skin’s stress, as can regular make-up usage and removal, or, worse, sleeping with it overnight.

All of this results in acne scars, sun damage, blotchy patches, discolouration, dryness, fine lines, and wrinkles on our skin.

That’s when we call in such to support for our wonderful, yet exhausted, skin.

Face serum can easily restore, revitalise, and protect your skin from daily wear and tear.

Face serums that are reparative and renewing promote the skin’s natural healing activities, allowing your skin to recover from the inside out.

It reduces acne scars and UV damage while stimulating the formation of skin cells like collagen and elastin.

These serums aid in the maintenance of proper moisture and oil levels in the epidermis, keeping skin moisturised, supple, and smooth.

They also work hard to shield you from the damaging free radicals produced by everyday aggressors.

Seaweed, ceramides, retinol, Resveratrol (from Japanese knotweed), antioxidants, essential oils, noni extract, flower water, green tea and Omega-3 fatty acids are some of the primary constituents in these face serums.

Best Brands for Rejuvenating Serum:
1. Plum 15% Vitamin C Face Serum
2. Olay Regenerist Retinol 24 Night Facial Serum
3. The Body Shop Vitamin E Overnight Serum-In-Oil

When it comes to your skin, face serums genuinely come through.

They have several anti-aging effects to keep your face looking young.

Fortunately, there is a face serum for everyone, no matter what your individual demands are.

They act to repair and rejuvenate your skin, as well as to reverse ageing, moisturise, brighten, exfoliate, combat acne, and restore and renew it.

Among these six categories, each product has its own distinct flavour.

Fortunately, there is considerable overlap, and most face serums address many issues at once.

Determine your key skin issues and hunt for face serums that can cure them while also providing extra cosmetic benefits.

Difference between Serum and Moisturiser:

When you notice both of them, you can see that serums are thinner and lighter in consistency, whereas moisturisers are thicker and creamier. But what about their performance? Serums are designed to penetrate deeply into the skin to deliver targeted active ingredients, whereas moisturisers help to fortify the skin’s surface, more effectively bind skin cells together, and work at the skin’s surface to increase hydration.

Moisturizers’ molecules may also be larger than serums’. This means that a moisturiser will not usually penetrate the skin as deeply or as quickly as a serum. This can be a double-edged sword: if you want strong effects, your serum is the way to go, but if you want continuous hydration, your moisturiser is the way to go.

These days as serums are very popular and you see them everywhere, I decided to try serum as well. And I bet you won’t regret trying! My skin had a glowing effect after I switched to serum. I would recommend the Neutrogena Hydro Boost Hydrating Serum. After I started using this serum, I was no more using moisturiser. After about 2 to 3 weeks I did notice that my skin looked brighter and it had a shiny effect. And I know we all aim for the same: a glowing face! 

Benefits of using Face Serum: 

  • Improved skin texture: It can aid in the reduction of fine lines, wrinkles, and uneven skin texture.
  • Face glow serums or skin whitening serums can help improve your skin’s radiance and give you a more youthful appearance.
  • Firmer skin: It can stimulate collagen production, which can help slow the signs of ageing.
  • Hydrated skin: Serums can help to hydrate and elasticity of the skin.
  • Skin that is protected: Face serums can help protect the skin from environmental damage and premature ageing.


What type of face serum is best?

Based on your skin and the issues your skin is facing, select the serum. For example if you just want to hydrate and nourish your skin, use hydrating serums.

How do I choose serum for my face?

You can visit a dermatologist, and understand what your skin really needs. Identify the skin problem you are facing, and then select the serum.

Read More: Skincare

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