What Skin Type Do I Have?
Daily washing and moisturising can help all skin types, but various skin types1, such as oily, dry, normal, combination, and sensitive skin, have varied needs—which is why recognising your skin type is the first step in caring for it. But how can you know what skin type you have? Simple observation can provide a solution.
The five skin types are oily, dry, normal, combination, and sensitive. Understanding your skin type allows you to make more educated decisions, providing your skin with the care and protection it requires now and in the future.
Simple observation may usually establish skin type. We can assist you to understand what type of skin you have in 30 minutes with two types of at-home tests (and most of that time is spent relaxing at home with a clean face).
Skin Types’ Common Characteristics
Oily skin generates an overabundance of sebum, which causes the skin to seem glossy and oily, particularly in the T-Zone (forehead, nose and chin). If you have oily skin, you may have enlarged pores, acne blemishes, and be more prone to acne outbreaks.
To care for oily skin:
- Wash it no more than twice a day and after heavy sweating.
- Use a mild cleaner and avoid scrubbing.
- Pimples should not be picked, popped, or squeezed. They will heal more slowly.
- On skincare and cosmetics, look for the term “non-comedogenic.” This implies that it will not block pores.
Dry skin looks drab and can become rough, flaky, or even scaly. It frequently feels tight or less elastic, and it is prone to displaying more obvious lines. It may also become uncomfortable or irritating.
To assist your dry skin, try the following suggestions:
- Take shorter showers and baths only once a day.
- Use gentle soaps and cleansers. Deodorant soaps should be avoided.
- While showering or drying, avoid scrubbing.
- After showering, apply a thick moisturiser. Ointments and creams may be more effective than lotions for dry skin, although they are frequently more messy. Throughout the day, reapply as required.
- Use a humidifier and avoid very hot indoor temps.
- When using cleaning products, solvents, or household detergents, use gloves.
Normal skin is balanced, not feeling dry or greasy. It is not prone to breakouts, flakiness, slickness, or tightness. Pores are typically tiny, the skin is smooth, and it is less prone to sensitivities or blemishes.
Combination skin has both dry and oily parts, with the T-Zone often being oily and the cheeks being either dry or normal.
Sensitive skin is a skin type, but you can also have oily and sensitive skin, dry and sensitive skin, or normal and sensitive skin. If you have sensitive skin, it may be red, feel like it’s burning, itchy, or dry, regardless of the type of skin you have. These symptoms might be caused by having skin that is more sensitive to external irritants, and they could be triggered by particular substances, such as colours or scent, as well as environmental variables. If you have sensitive skin, you may be able to identify what causes your sensitivity and avoid items containing those exact chemicals, or you may be able to change your surroundings to decrease your exposure to triggering factors.
If explanations of the various skin kinds didn’t help you decide, there are tests you may do at home to establish what type of skin you have.
- Waiting and watching
This at-home test allows you to determine your skin type simply by monitoring how your skin reacts after cleaning. To begin, gently wash your face with a light cleanser and pat it dry. If your skin feels tight and flaky or scaly after 30 minutes, you probably have oily skin; if the shine is just in your T-Zone, you probably have combination skin; and if your skin feels moisturised and comfortable but not greasy, you probably have normal skin.
- Blotting sheets
Blotting sheets absorb oil when rubbed against the skin and can be used to determine what type of skin you have. After washing your face gently, wiping it dry, and resting it for 30 minutes, apply blotting sheets to various regions of your face, then hold the sheets up to the light to see the oil marks. If the sheets reveal an abundance of oil in all areas of your face, you have oily skin; if they absorb little to no oil, you have dry skin; if the sheets reveal only a small amount of oil from your T-Zone, you have combination skin; and if you only see minimal oil from all areas of your face, you have normal skin.
Whatever type of skin you have, it can be sensitive or prone to acne outbreaks, though individuals with normal skin are less likely to suffer from either. You may, however, care for your skin while treating sensitivity or acne breakouts with the correct products.
Before purchasing skin care products, it is a good idea to understand your skin type as well as other factors that influence the appearance and feel of your skin, such as:
The colour of your skin: Is your skin prone to burning, seldom, or never?
Your skin care objectives: Do you want to avoid premature ageing? Do you suffer from a skin condition such as acne or rosacea, or do you have additional problems such as dark circles under your eyes or fine lines?
Your individual habits: Do you use tobacco? Do you spend a lot of time outside? Do you take vitamins on a daily basis? Do you follow a healthy diet? All of these things may have an impact on how you should care for your skin.